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         Molecular organized films are deposited mainly by:

 

Langmuir-Blodgett (LB), Langmuir-Schaefer (LS), Self-assembly, and Layer-by-layer adsorption techniques.

 

 

                These techniques provide the possibility of "molecular
    designing" what means:

 

easy manipulation with various materials at the molecular level (namely, manipulation with monomolecular layers), creation of the films with pre-determined layered structure and desired properties.

 

 

         Specific features of molecular organized films:

 

extremely high uniformity, high structural order, and precisely controlled thickness (beginning from one monolayer).

 

 

         Fields of potential applications:

 

microelectronics, molecular electronics, optoelectronics, chemical sensors and biosensors, biotechnology, biocatalysis, bioanalytical techniques, and others.

 

 

         Approach of "molecular design" can unite also in a
     single technological procedure different methods, i.e:

 

deposition by LB (or LS) technique, self-assembly, and adsorption processes.

 

 

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