process means a spontaneous formation of monolayers of
surfactant compounds on the surfaces of some solid materials due
to strong specific molecular-substrate interactions.
stops itself when active sites on the surface are occupied (or
can not be reached) by the molecules.
with definite functional groups can be attached to the surfaces
of materials of several types using self-assembly technique.
However, in spite of such a limitation self-assembly is widely
used for surface modification because extremely stable,
mechanically strong, uniform, and super-thin coatings can be
produced in this way.
be refered to the work by
published in 1946, but only in the eighties the interest
in this area started to grow and self-assembled monolayers were
introduced as a possible alternative to LB films  (J.
Review of main
publications (up to 1990) can be found in:
A. Ulman, An
Introduction to Ultrathin Organic Films: from Langmuir-Blodgett
to Self-Assembly. Academic Press: Boston, San Diego, New
York, London, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto,1991.